Ethnic Groups: Arab 50%, Alawite 15%, Kurd 10%, Levantine 10%, various other 15% (consists of Druze, Ismaili, Imami, Nusairi, Assyrian, Turkoman, Armenian)
Religion: Muslim 87%, Christian 10%, as well as Druze 3%, Jewish (couple of continuing to be in Damascus as well as Aleppo)
GDP (acquiring power parity): $5028 billion (2015 est.)
GDP per head: $ 2,900 (2015 est.)
Unemployment: 50% (2017 est.)
1517-1918 – Part of the Ottoman Empire.
1920 – The League of Nations places Syria under French control.
April 17, 1946 – Independence is stated after French soldiers leave the nation.
1949-1958 – A collection of stroke of genius causes instability in the nation.
February 1, 1958 – Syria as well as Egypt combine, developing the United Arab Republic.
September 28, 1961 – Syria secedes from the United Arab Republic.
1967 – Syria sheds the Golan Heights to Israel throughout the Six DayWar
November 13, 1970 – Minister of Defense Hafez al-Assad phases a bloodless stroke of genius.
1976-2005 – Approximately 17,000 Syrian soldiers are posted in surroundingLebanon
December 29, 1979- existing – Syria shows up on the United States State Department’s checklist of state enrollers of terrorism.
June 10, 2000 – Hafez al-Assad passes away.
July 10, 2000 – Bashar al-Assad is chosen head of state by vote, winning 97% of the ballot. He is re- chosen in2007
March 2011- existing – Civil battle in Syria starts. Violence flares in Daraa after a team of teenagers as well as youngsters are jailed for creating political graffiti. Dozens of individuals are eliminated when safety pressures punish demos. The United Nations approximates that 400,000 individuals have actually been eliminated in Syria, because the start of the civil battle.
June 3, 2014 – President Assad is re- chosen, obtaining 88.7% of the enact the nation’s very first political election because civil battle burst out in2011 The political election is slammed by resistance teams as well as several Western nations.
September 22-23, 2014 – The United States as well as allies introduce airstrikes versus ISIS targets in Syria for the very first time.
September 2015 – Claiming to target ISIS, Russia performs its very first airstrikes inSyria
April 6, 2017 – The United States introduces an army strike on a Syrian federal government airbase in feedback to chemical tool strike on private citizens days prior.
October 26, 2017 – A joint record from the United Nations as well as global chemical tools examiners discovers that the Assad routine was accountable for an April 2017 sarin strike that eliminated greater than 80 individuals. Syria has actually continuously rejected it had anything to do with the strike as well as likewise refutes it has any kind of chemical tools.
April 13, 2018 – The United States, UK as well as France launch strikes versus targets at 3 websites in Syria complying with a week of risks of revenge for a supposed chemical tools strike on private citizens in the Damascus territory of Douma.
July 22, 2019 – An American lady in Syria launches a video clip attracting United States President Donald Trump to do something about it versus the Syrian routine, after an airstrike in the rebel- held northwestern district of Idlib asserted ratings of casualties.
October 6, 2019 – The White House introduces a significant change in United States diplomacy. United States pressures in north Syria will certainly draw back before a prepared Turkish armed forces offensive versus Kurdish pressures– that were a crucial ally of the United States in the battle versus ISIS.
October 9, 2019 – Turkey starts its scheduled armed forces offensive right into northeastern Syria, introducing airstrikes as well as weapons fire throughout the boundary. The days that comply with cause records regarding the variation of individuals from the location as well as the opportunity of ISIS detainees getting away.
October 14, 2019 – Facing a Turkish armed forces offensive, Kurdish pressures strike a handle the Syrian federal government, noting a significant change in the nation’s 8- year battle. As component of the brand-new partnership, systems from the Syrian military apparently get here in north communities to release soldiers along the whole of the Syria-Turkey boundary. The following day, Russia validates it agented the first talks in between Turkey as well as the Kurdish pressures. It has actually likewise started patrolling a call line in between Syrian as well as Turkish pressures, according to a declaration from Russia’s Defense Ministry.
October 17, 2019 – United States Vice President Mike Pence introduces in Turkey that he as well as Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan have actually consented to stop Turkey’s attack right into northSyria As component of the setup, Kurdish pressures will certainly yield a few of their region, with one elderly United States authorities informing CNN that the bargain suggested the United States was “validating what Turkey did and allowing them to annex a portion of Syria and displace the Kurdish population.”
October 21, 2019 – At an interview in Afghanistan, United States Secretary of Defense Mark Esper states United States soldiers in the south will certainly continue to be in Syria partially to safeguard oil areas from ISIS. Other United States soldiers will certainly take out from north Syria in “weeks, not days.” Four days later on, he states that “the United States will maintain a reduced presence in Syria to deny ISIS access to oil revenue as we reposition for the next phase of the Defeat-ISIS campaign.”
October 22, 2019 – Erdogan as well as Russian President Vladimir Putin introduce a 10- factor shared schedule forming completion of Syria’s civil battle. Putin states Russia as well as Turkey accept promote the “sovereignty and territorial integrity” ofSyria The previously United States- backed Kurdish competitors need to take out from the communities of Manbij as well as Tal Rifaat.